Pack Forest Research Articles

reverse chronological order    (alphabetical order)

Adams, A.B., R. B. Harrison, R.S. Sletten, B.D. Strahm, E.C. Turnblom and C.M. Jensen. 2005. Nitrogen-fertilization impacts on carbon sequestration and flux in managed coastal Douglas-fir stands of the Pacific Northwest. Forest Ecology and Management 220:313-325.

Allan, George G. US Patent # 4,388, 303. 1983. Method to reduce animal browsing damage to plants employing selenium compound.

Anderson, David A., 1983. Reproductive Success of Columbian Black-Tailed Deer in a Sewage-Fertilized Forest in Western Washington. The Journal of Wildlife Management, Vol. 47, No.1, pp. 243-247.

Anderson, Harry W. and Stanley P. Gessel, 1966. Effects of Nursery Fertilization on Outplanted Douglas-Fir. Journal of Forestry, Volume 64, Number 2, pp. 109-112.

Bennett, J. N., Lapthorne, B. M., Blevins, L. L., & Prescott, C. E. 2004. Response of Gaultheria shallon and Epilobium angustifolium to large additions of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 34.

Bigger, M. and D. Cole. 1983. Effects of harvesting intensity on nutrient losses and future productivity in high and low productivity red alder and Douglas-fir stands. In Ballard, R. and S.P Gessel (eds) IUFRO Symposium on Forest Site and Continuous Production. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-133. Portland, OR. 167-178.

Bradshaw, Jr, H.D. and R.F. Stettler, 1993. Molecular genetics of growth and development in Populus. I. Triploidy in hybrid poplars. Theoretical Approaches to Genetics 86: 301-307.

Brallier, S., R.B. Harrison and C.L. Henry.  1996.  Liming effects on availability of Cd, Cu, Ni and Zn in a soil amended with sewage sludge 16 years previously.  Water, Air and Soil Pollution 86:195-206.

Breuner, C. W., Orchinik, M., Hahn, T. P., Meddle, S. L., Moore, I. T., Owen-Ashley, N. T., Sperry, T. S., Wingfield, J. C. 2003. Differential mechanisms for regulation of the stress response across latitudinal gradients. American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory, Integrative & Comparative Physiology, 54, 3

Chan, Jina K. 2004. Effects of harvest method and stratification on germination of California beaked hazelnut (Corylus cornuta var. californica). University of Washington. 35 p. Thesis.

Chapman-King, R., T. M. Hinckley, and C. C. Grier.  1986.  Growth response of forest trees to waste water and sludge application. pp. 209-220.  In:  The Forest Alternative (D. W. Cole, C. L. Henry, and W. L. Nutter, eds.).  University of Washington Press, Seattle.

Chowdappa, Papanna. 1960. A study of interception, stemflow and litterfall in some plantations in Pack Forest. Thesis (M.S. in F.)--University of Washington.

Cockle, A. and Ettl, G.J. 2010.  Survival and growth of western redcedar and Douglas-fir planted in a variable retention harvest unit in the Western Cascades, Washington. A Tale of Two Cedars, Victoria, BC.

Cole, D.W., C. L. Henry, P. Schiess and R. J. Zasoski.  1983.  The role of forests in sludge and wastewater utilization programs.  In: (A. L. Page, T. L. Gleason III, J. E. Smith, Jr., I. K. Iskander, and L. E. Sommers eds.) Proceedings, Utilization of Municipal Wastewater and Sludge on Land.  Univ. of Calif. Riverside, Riverside, CA.

Cole, D. W. and P. Schiess.  l978.  Renovation of wastewater and response of forest ecosystems.  The Pack Forest study.  p. 323-332.  In: (J. McKim, ed.) Proceeding of the International Symposium on Land Treatment of Wastewater, International Symposium, August, l978; Hanover, N. H.  436 p.

Coward, Laura. 1993. Forest vegetation response to the application of municipal sewage sludge in the coastal western hemlock zone. Thesis (M.S) – University of British Columbia

Cowley, Neil. 1998. Relationship between Biosolids Applications and Understory Development in Douglas-fir Stands in Western Washington: Management Implications. In: C.L. Henry, R.B. Harrison and R.K. Bastian (eds.) 2000. The Forest Alternative: Principles and Practice of Residuals Use. College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. 

Cross, J. 2002. Measuring the impact of harvest intensity on riparian forest functionality in terms of shade production and large woody debris recruitment potential: Two models. Thesis (M.S.)--University of Washington, 2002

Derr, Chiska.,  Richard Helliwell, Andrea Ruchty, Lisa Hoover, Linda Geiser, David Lebo & John Davis. 2003. Survey protocols for Survey & manage Category A & C lichens in the Northwest Forest Plan area. [Portland, Or.], U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management

Dongsen, X., R.B. Harrison and C.L. Henry.  1992.  Research on the Distribution of Nutrients and Heavy Metals in forest soil amended with municipal sewage sludge after 15 years.  Acta Univ. Agric. Borealis-occidentalis 20:20-27. 

Edmonds, Robert L., Daniel J. Vogt, David H. Sandberg, and Charles H. Driver, 1986. Decomposition of Douglas-fir and red alder wood in clear-cuttings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 16(4): 822–831.

Edmonds, R.L., Shaw, D.C., Hsiang, T., and Driver, C.H. 1989. Impact of precommercial thinning on development of Heterobasidion annosum in western hemlock. In Proceedings of the Symposium on Research and Management of Annosus Root Disease (Heterobasidion annosum) in Western North America, April 18–21, 1989, Monterey, Calif. Edited by W.J. Otrosina and R.F. Scharpf. Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-116, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Forest Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. ISSN 0196-2094. pp. 85–94.

Edmonds, R. L., and C. M. Bigger. 1984. Decomposition and nitrogen mineralization rates in Douglas-fir needles in relation to whole tree harvesting practices. Pages 187-192 In Proceedings of the 1983 Society of American Foresters National Convention, Portland, Oregon, USA.

Ettl, G.J. and T. Walter.  2010. Stem water potential of western redcedar seedlings growing across a soil moisture gradient.  A Tale of Two Cedars, Victoria, BC.

Fisher RF, Fox TR, Harrison RB, Terry T. 2005. Forest soils education and research: Trends, needs, and wild ideas. For. Ecol. & Manag. 220:1-16.

Footen, P.W., R.B Harrison and B.D. Strahm. 2009. Long-term Effects of Nitrogen Fertilization on the Productivity of Subsequent Stands of Douglas-fir in the Pacific Northwest. Forest Ecology and Management 258:2194-2198.

Available at: http://soilslab.cfr.washington.edu/publications/Footen-etal-2009.pdf

Forcier, J.E. and R.B. Harrison. Long-Term Trace Metal Retention in a Coarse-Textured Forest Soil after a Heavy Biosolids Application. In preparation, to be submitted to Water, Air and Soil Pollution.

Gaulke, Linda S.; Charles L. Henry, and  Sally L. Brown. 2006. Nitrogen fixation and growth response of Alnus rubra amended with low and high metal content biosolids. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 2006, vol.63, n.4 pp. 351-360 .

Gasser, Andreas. 1959. Studies of diameter growth of Douglas fir at Charles Lathrop Pack Forest, with special reference to meteorological conditions (1951-1957). Thesis (M.F.)--University of Washington.

Gessel, S.P., and R.B. Harrison.  1999.  The History of Forest Soil Science and Development in North America.  In H.K. Steen (ed) Forest and Wildlife Science in America: A History. Forest History Society, Durham, North Carolina.

Gessel, S. P. and J. Turner, J. 1974. Litter Production by Red Alder in Western Washington. Forest Science, Volume 20, Number 4, pp. 325-330.

Gessel, S.P. and J. Turner, 1976. Litter production in western Washington Douglas-fir stands. Forestry (1976) 49 (1): 63-72.

Grant, B. W. 2001. Methodology for determining the performance of satellite and satellite-aided navigation systems of heavy equipment in forest environments. Thesis (M.S.M.E.)--University of Washington, 2001

Grey, M.A. 2001. The Mobility and Fate of Phosphorus Following Municipal Biosolids Application to Forest Soils. PhD Dissertation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Grey M, & C Henry. 2002. Phosphorus and nitrogen runoff from a forested watershed fertilized with biosolids. Journal of Environmental Quality. 31.

Grey, Mark and Chuck Henry. 1998. An Examination of Runoff Water Quality and Nutrient Export from a Forested Watershed Fertilized with Biosolids. Puget Sound Research.

Grier, C. C., T. M. Hinckley, K. A. Vogt, and S. T. Gower.  1986.  Net primary production in Douglas-fir ecosystems:  Its relation to moisture and mineral nutrition.  pp. 155-161,  In:  Douglas-Fir:  Stand Management for the Future (C. D. Oliver, D. P. Hanley, and J. A. Johnson, eds.).  Instit. Forest Resources Contr. 55, University of Washington, Seattle.

Hall, J. S. 2001. Forest management planning: A comparison between linear programming and new tools in the landscape management system. Thesis (M.S.)--University of Washington, 2001.

Harrison, R.B., Charles L. Henry, D. Xue and Dale W. Cole. 1995. Long-term changes in organic matter in soils receiving applications of municipal biosolids. In W.W. McFee and J.M. Kelly (eds) Carbon Forms and Functions in Forest Soils.  Soil Science Society of America, Madison, WI.

Harrison, R.B., C.L. Henry, D. Xue, P. Leonard and R. King. 2000. The Fate of Metals in Land Application Systems. In: C.L. Henry, R.B. Harrison and R.K. Bastian (eds.) 2000. The Forest Alternative: Principles and Practice of Residuals Use. College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.

Harrison, R.B., J. Prietzel and R. Jandl.  2006. Chapter 14. Nutritional management of coniferous forests. In Ecosystems of the world: 6 Coniferous Forests. Edited by Folke Anderson. Spriner-Verlag. ISBN 978-0-444-81627-6. Elsevier B.V. Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Harrison, R.B., B.D. Strahm and X. Yi. 2009. Chapter 1.5.9.03. Soil Education and Public Awareness. In. W. Verheye (ed.) Encyclopedia of Life Suport Systems: Soils and the Society (EOLSS), Developed under the Auspices of the UNESCO, Eolss Publishers, Oxford, UK, [http://www.eolss.net].

Harrison, R.B. and C.L. Henry  1994.  Judging Compost.  Grounds Maintenance Magazine page 12-16, March 1994. 

Harrison, R.B., P.W. Footen and B.D. Strahm. 2011. Deep soil horizons: Contribution and importance to soil C pools and in assessing whole-ecosystem response to management and global change. Forest Science 57(1):67-76.

Harrison, R.B., T.A. Terry, C.W. Licata, B.L. Flaming, R. Meade, I.A. Guerrini, B.D. Strahm, D. Xue, A.B. Adams, M.R. Lolley, A. Sidell, G.L. Wagoner, D. Briggs, E.C. Turnblom. 2009. Predicting the biomass of a Douglas-fir/western hemlock plantation in the coastal hemlock zone of Washington: Accounting for bias. Western J. Applied For. 24:180-186.  Available at: http://soilslab.cfr.washington.edu/publications/Harrison-etal-2009.pdf

Harrison, R.B., A.B. Adams, C. Licata, B. Flaming, G.L. Wagoner, P. Carpenter and E.D. Vance. 2003. Quantifying Deep-soil and coarse-soil fractions: Avoiding sampling bias. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 67:1602-1606.

Harrison, R.B., E.C. Turnblom, C.L. Henry, P. Leonard, R. King, and R. Gonyea. 2002. Response of three young Douglas-fir plantations to forest fertilization with low rates of municipal biosolids. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 14:21-30.

Harrison, R.B., S.P. Gessel, D. Zabowski, C.L. Henry, D. Xue, D.W. Cole and J.E. Compton. 1996. Mechanisms of negative impacts of three forest treatments on nutrient availability. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 60:1622-1628.

Harrison, R.B., X. Dongsen, C.L. Henry and Dale W. Cole.  1994.  Long-term effects of heavy applications of biosolids to coarse-textured soils:  Nutrients and general soil properties.  Forest Ecology and Management 66:165-177.

Hegstrom, Linda J. and Stephen D. West, 1988. Heavy metal accumulation in small mammals following sewage sludge application to forests. Journal of Environmental Quality vol. 18 No. 3, p. 345-349.

Henry, C.L., D.W. Cole and R.B. Harrison.  1994.  Use of Municipal Sludge to Restore and Improve Site Productivity in Forestry: The Pack Forest Sludge Research Program.  Forest Ecology and Management 60:137-149. 

Henry, C.L., D.W. Cole and R.B. Harrison. 2000. Nitrate Leaching from Fertilization of Three Douglas-fir Stands with Biosolids. In: C.L. Henry, R.B. Harrison and R.K. Bastian (eds.) The Forest Alternative: Principles and Practice of Residuals Use. College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle, WA. 

Henry, C., Van Ham, M., Grey, M., Cowley, N., & Harrison, R. 2000. Field Method for Biosolids N Mineralization Using Porous Ceramic Cups. Water, Air & Soil Pollution. 117.

Henry, C.L., D.W. Cole, T.M. Hinckley and R.B. Harrison. 1993. The use of municipal and pulp and paper sludges to increase production in forestry. J. of Sustainable Forestry 1(3):41-55.

Henry, C.L., and R.B. Harrison.  1992.  Comparing Yard Waste and Sludge Compost.  Biocycle 33:42-47. 

Henry, C.L., and R.B. Harrison.  1992.  Fate of trace metals in sewage sludge compost.  Biochemistry of Trace Metals.  CRC Press, Inc.

Henry, C.L., R.B. Harrison and R.K. Bastian. 2000. The Forest Alternative: Principles and Practice of Residuals Use. College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle, WA

Hinckley, T. M. and D. R. M. Scott.  1971.  Estimates of water loss and its relation to environmental parameters in Douglas-fir saplings.  Ecology 52:520-524.

Henry, C.L., R.B. Harrison and D.W. Cole.  1995.  Forestry.  In J.E. Rechcigl (ed) Soil Amendments: Impacts on Biotic Systems.  Agriculture and environment Series. Lewis Publishers.  Boca Raton, Florida. 

Henry, C.L., M.Van Ham, M. Grey, N. Cowley and R. Harrison. 2000. Field method for N mineralization using porous ceramic cups. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 117:123-131.

Hinckley, T. M., Y. Alexander, and D. Van der Wal.  1983.  Growth of large trees as affected by the addition of dehydrated municipal sewage sludge and by thinning.  Chap. 3:29-56.  In:  Proceedings Municipal Sludge Application to Pacific Northwest Forest Lands: Progress Report.  (D. W. Cole and R. Zasoski, eds.).  Institute of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Vol. IV.

Hinckley, T. M., J. P. Lassoie, and S. W. Running.  1978.  Temporal and spatial variation in water status of forest trees.  Forest Sci. Monogr. 24:1-71.

Hinckley, T. M. and D. R. M. Scott.  1971.  Estimates of water loss and its relation to environmental parameters in Douglas-fir saplings.  Ecology 52:520-524.

Holtby, B. E. 1950. A timber management plan for Pack Forest. College of Forestry. Seattle, Washington, University of Washington

Johnson, D. W., Kelly, J. M., Swank, W. T., Cole, D. W., Van Miegroet, H., Hornbeck, J. W., Pierce, R. S., & Van Lear, D. 1988. The Effects of Leaching and Whole-tree Harvesting on Cation Budgets of Several Forests. Journal of Environment Quality. 17.

Kantavichai, R. D. G. Briggs, E. C. Turnblom. 2010.  Modeling effects of soil, climate, and silviculture on growth ring specific gravity of Douglas-fir on a drought-prone site in Western Washington Forest Ecology & Management. 259:1085-1092.  doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2009.12.017. Kantavichai, R. D. G. Briggs, E. C. Turnblom 2010. Effect of Thinning, Biosolids, and Weather on Annual Ring Specific Gravity and Carbon Accumulation of a 55 Year-old Douglas-fir Stand in Western Washington. Can. J. For. Res. 40(1):72-85.

Kissel, J.C., C.L. Henry and R.B. Harrison.  1993.  Potential emissions of synthetic VOCs from MSW composting.  Biocycle 34:76-78. 

Kissel, J., C.L. Henry and R.B. Harrison.  1992.  Potential emissions of volatile and odorous organic compounds from municipal waste composting facilities.  Biomass and Bioenergy 3:181-194.

Knoth, J. L. Kim, S-H. Ettl, G.J., and Doty S. L. 2013. Effects of Cross Host Species Inoculation of Nitrogen Fixing Endophytes on Growth and Leaf Physiology of Maize. GCB Bioenergy 5:408-416.

Kuiper, L.C., 1994. Architectural Analysis of Douglas-fir Forests. Wageningen Agricultural University, The Netherlands, 188 pp 

Lassoie, J. P., T. M. Hinckley, and C. C. Grier.  1985.  Ecophysiology of the Forests of the Pacific Northwest.  pp. 127-161.  In: Physiological Ecology in North American Plant Communities (B. F. Chabot and H. A. Mooney, eds.).  Chapman and Hall, Ltd., London, England.

Li, H. 1985. A description of environmental gradients in relation to growth variations of Douglas-fir along Hugo Peak, Pack Forest, Washingon. M.S. Thesis, College of Forest Resources. Seattle, Washington, University of Washington.

Li, Z., Ryan, J. A., Chen, J. L., & S.R Al-Abed. 2001. Adsorption of cadmium on biosolids-amended soils. Journal of Environmental Quality, 30, 3.)

Maney DL, & GF Ball. 2003. Fos-like immunoreactivity in catecholaminergic brain nuclei after territorial behavior in free-living song sparrows. Journal of Neurobiology. 56, 163-70.

Mann, L.K., Johnson, D.W., West, D.C., Cole, D.W., Hornbeck, J.W., Martin, C.W., Riekerk, H., Smith, C.T., Swank, W.T., Tritton, L.M., and D.H Van Lear. 1988. Effects of whole-tree and stem-only clearcutting on postharvest hydrologic losses, nutrient capital, and regrowth. For. Sci. 34, 412±428.

McFadden, G., K. Yonaka and P. Schiess.  1986.  Spray tests conducted to determine the pattern of sludge application under varying stand conditions with the Ag-Chem gator, Model 2004.  Techn. Report.  College of Forest Resources - Municipality of Metropolitan Seattle (Metro) and Department of Ecology, Washington State.  23 p.

McKinley, Mason. 2002. Final Development of Pack Forest Landscape Management Plan. University of Washington MFR project

Milner, R. L. 1986. The response of birds to potential habitat alteration and heavy metal accumulation following sewage application in Douglas-fir forests. Thesis (M.S.)--University of Washington, 1986

Newcombe, G., & Oosten, C. 1997. Variation in resistance to Venturia populina, the cause of poplar leaf and shoot blight in the Pacific Northwest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 27, 883-889.

Newcombe, G. 2003. Native Venturia inopina sp. nov., specific to Populus trichocarpa and its hybrids. Mycological Research. 107, 108-116.

O’Neal, Jennifer S., Anne Watts, Susan Bolton, and Thomas Sibley. 1999.  Comparison of the Hydraulic and Biologic Effects of Large Woody Debris and an Engineered Alternative in Stream Rehabilitation Presented at the American Society of Civil Engineers International Water Resource Engineering Conference Program August 11, 1999 Seattle, Washington

Pit, R. 1999. Infiltration through disturbed urban soils and compost-amended soil effects on runoff quality and quantity. Cincinnati, OH, National Risk Management Research Laboratory

Prietzel J, Wagoner G.L., Harrison R.B. 2004. Long-term effects of repeated urea fertilization in Douglas-fir stands on forest floor nitrogen pools and nitrogen mineralization. Forest Ecology & Management 193:413-426.

Rabotyagov, S.S., Tóth, S.F., and G.J. Ettl. 2013. Testing the Design Variables of ECOSEL: A Market Mechanism for Forest Ecosystem Services. Forest Science 59(3):303-321.

Rabotyagov, S.S., Tóth, S.F., and G.J. Ettl. 2009: Experimental Testbeds for ECOSEL: A Market Framework for Private Provision of Forest Ecosystem Services. AAEA Annual Meeting.  Milwaukee, WI

Reeves, B. J. 2005. Neural basis of song perception in songbirds. Thesis (Ph. D.)--University  of Washington, 2005

Rosenfeld, P.E., C.L. Henry, R.L. Dills and R.B. Harrison. 2001. Comparison of odor emissions from three different biosolids applied to forest soil. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 127:173-191.

Schiess, P. and D. W. Cole.  l98l.  Renovation of wastewater by forest stands.  IN:  (Bledsoe, ed.) Municipal Sewage Waste Application to Pacific Northwest Forest Lands.  Inst. For. Res. No. 4l.  Univ. of Washington, Seattle. 

Shanmukhappa, Gowrappala. 1960. A study of some soil properties and soil moisture trends on the fertilization and irrigation plots at Pack Forest. Thesis (MS in F.) - Univ. of Washington.

Shareeff, Abdullah. 1955. Thinning and fertilizer studies on a poor site at Pack Forest. Thesis (M.F.)--University of Washington.

Skinner, M.F., D. Zabowski, R.B. Harrison, A. Lowe and D. Xue. 2001. Measuring the cation exchange capacity of forest soils. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis: 32:1751-1764

Soha, Jill A., Douglas A. Nelson, & Patricia G. Parker. 2004. Genetic analysis of song dialect populations in Puget Sound white-crowned sparrows. Behavioral Ecology. 15.

Soma, K.K., B.A. Schlinger, J.C. WingWeld, C.J. Saldanha. 2003. Brain aromatase, 5 alpha-reductase, and 5 beta-reductase change seasonally in wild male song sparrows: Relationship to aggressive and sexual behavior, J. Neurobiol. 56 (2003) 209–221.

Sonne, E.; Turnblom, E.; Briggs, D.; Becker, G. 2004: Log and lumber grades and value from a Douglas-Fir stand 20 years after thinning and biosolids fertilization.Western Journal of Applied Forestry 19: 34–41.

Soules, J. 2003. Nest-site selection and reliable indicators of habitat quality for the Winter Wren in western Washington. Thesis (M.S.)--Boise State University, 2003.

Sprugel, D.G. and T.M. Hinckley.  1988.  Tree branch autonomy concept.  In:  Response of Trees to Air Pollution:  The Role of Branch Studies (W.E. Winner and L.G. Phelps, eds.) Proc. Workshop National Forest Response Program.  Boulder, CO 5-6 Nov. 1987, pp. 7-23.

Sprugel, D. G., T. M. Hinckley, and W. Schaap. 1991.  The theory and practice of branch autonomy.  Ann. Rev. of Ecol. and System. 22:309-334. 

Stettler, Reinhard F., Ruth C. Fenn, Paul E. Heilman, and Brian J. Stanton, 1988. Populustrichocarpa × Populusdeltoides hybrids for short rotation culture: variation patterns and 4-year field performance. Can. J. For. Res. 18(6): 745–753.

Strahm, B.D., R.B. Harrison, B.L. Flaming, T.A. Terry, C.W. Licata and K.S. Petersen. 2005. Factors affecting nitrogen mobility: Organic matter retention and variable-charge soils. P. 165. In C.A. Harrington and S.H. Schoenholtz (eds) Productivity of Western Forests: A Forest Products Focus. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-642. Portland, Oregon. USDA Forest Service, PNW Station.

Sucre, E.B., R.B. Harrison, E.C. Turnblom and D.G. Briggs. 2008. The use of various soil and site variables for estimating growth response of Douglas-fir to multiple applications of urea and determining long-term effects on soil properties. Can J. For. Res. 38:1458-1469.

Available at: http://soilslab.cfr.washington.edu/publications/Sucre-etal-2008.pdf

Tóth, S.F., G.J. Ettl and S.S. Rabotyagov 2008: ECOSEL: An Auction Mechanism for Forest

Ecosystem Services. The Center for International Trade in Forest Products Newsletter. Fall 2008: 1-6.

Tóth, S.F., G.J. Ettl and S.S. Rabotyagov. 2010. ECOSEL: An Auction Mechanism for Forest Ecosystem Services. Mathematical and Computational Forestry & Natural-Resource Sciences. 2:99-116.

Tramontin, A. D., & E.A. Brenowitz. 1999. A Field Study of Seasonal Neuronal Incorporation into the Song Control System of a Songbird That Lacks Adult Song Learning. Journal of Neurobiology, 40, 3, 316.

Wangaard, Frederick F. and Eugene V. Zumwalt, 1949. Some strength properties of second-growth Douglas-fir. Journal of Forestry, No. 1, p. 18-24.

West, S. D., Zasoski, R. J., & Taber, R. D. 1981. Sludge and wildlife: A summary of findings.

Wilson, J. S., & McGaughey, R. J. 2000. Presenting Landscape-Scale Forest Information: What Is Sufficient and What Is Appropriate? - Photorealistic landscape visualizations are seductive but potentially misleading. Using a combination of techniques can help resource managers avoid the pitfalls and convey information clearly to diverse audiences. Journal of Forestry. 98, 21.

Wilson, J., & Oliver, C. 2000. Stability and density management in Douglas-fir plantations. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 30, 910-920.

Wotton, Michael J. 1954. Microclimatic studies at Pack Forest. Thesis (M.F.)--University of Washington

Xue D.S., and R.B. Harrison.1991. Sulfate, Aluminum, Iron and pH relationships in four Pacific-Northwest forest subsoil horizons.  Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 55:837-840. 

Yang, L., D. Xue, C.L. Henry and R.B. Harrison. 1998. Biosolids application and the effect on heavy metals. Agro-Environmental Protection 16:227-231.

Yang, L., D. Xue, C.L. Henry and R.B. Harrison. 1998. Effects of biosolids on the nitrogen cycle and nitrate leaching. Agro-Environmental Protection 16:182-186.

Zumwalt, E. V. 1938. Planting records and program on the Charles Lathrop Pack demonstration forest. A thesis submitted for the degree of Master of forestry, University of Washington.

 

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